In celebration of the upcoming Hispanic Heritage Month, we’re looking back at some notable moments in Latino history. Today: Bogota, the capital of Colombia, is founded in 1538 by Gonzalo Jiménez de Quesada.

Gonzalo Jiménez de Quesada was a Spanish explorer and conquistador in Colombia. He also explored the northern part of South America. While successful in many of his exploits, acquiring massive amounts of gold and emeralds, he ended his career disastrously; and has been suggested as a possible model for Cervantes’ Don Quixote. From 1533, a belief persisted in the sense that Río Grande de la Magdalena was the trail to the South Sea, to Peru, legendary Dorado. The expedition divided into two groups, one under Quesada’s command to move on land, and the other commanded by Diego de Urbino would go up river in four brigantine ships to later on meet Quesada troops at the site named Tora de las Barrancas Bermejas. Along their trip, they took a large amount of gold and emeralds. In Hunza, they captured the Zaque Quemuenchatocha and headed towards Sogamoso, where they plundered and set the Sun temple on fire.

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On This Day In Latino History: The Capital Of Colombia Is Founded  was originally published on

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